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中考英语完形填空答题10法
文章作者:姚乃清    文章来源:中考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2013-04-06
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八、就地发现法

对于可在短文中找到正确答案的短文,就要用这种方法。这不是命题者的提示或漏题,而是因为短文是比较完整的整体,需要故事情节上下呼应,这时重复就不可避免了。对于这样的选项,需要仔细阅读才能发现。

九、先易后难法

做完形填空题时要先易后难,对有把握的选项要一锤定音;对一时没有把握的选项,不妨暂时搁置一下,接着往下读,最后再回过头来补选。运用这种方法往往会出现这样的情况,读了下文或全文,上文其义自现,问题便迎刃而解。

十、常识背景法

有的完形填空题不测试语言知识,也不测试对语境的理解,上下文中没有足够能选出正确答案的信息,只能依靠常识来确定选项。如:

When you have a post office box, the postman does not bring letters to you, but you have to go to the ___1___ and get your letters from your box. The box is locked, and only you have the key, so the letters are quite ___2___.

1. A. school              B. post office            C. station                  D. postman

2. A. strong              B. good                 C. safe                   D. long

从语法上看,各选项都可以填入空格。众所周知,信件要通过邮局收发,在邮局开了信箱就得到邮局去取信件,第 1 题选 B;开信箱的钥匙保持在主人手里,只有主人才能打开信箱,信件当然十分安全。根据这一常识就能锁定第 2 题的正确答案为 C

热身训练

A

We should remember that we all learned our own language well when we were children. If we could learn ___1___ second language in the same way, it would not seem so ___2___. Think ___3___ what a small child does. It listens to what people say and tries ___4___ what it hears.  When it wants something, it has to ask ___5___ it. It is using the language, talking in it, and thinking in it all the time. If people ___6___ use a second language all the time, they would learn it quickly.   

We learn our own language ___7___ hearing people speak it, not by seeing what they write. We imitate ___8___ we hear. In school, though you learn to read and write ___9___ to hear and speak, it is the best way ___10___ all the new words through the ear. You can read them, speak them, and write them later.(http://zk.nmet168.com/)

1. A. a                      B. an                        C. the                       D. /

2. A. easy                 B. fast                      C. simple                  D. difficult

3. A. of                    B. out                       C. over                     D. about

4. A. imitate              B. imitating               C. to imitate              D. imitated

5. A. of                    B. for                       C. after                     D. about

6. A. could                B. should                  C. would                  D. had to

7. A. of                    B. by                        C. on                        D. with

8. A. what                 B. when                    C. where                   D. how

9. A. and                  B. but                       C. as well as              D. as long as

10. A. learn               B. learns                   C. learning                D. to learn

 

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