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如何做中考英语的词义猜测题
文章作者:黄景悦    文章来源:中考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2013-04-06
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如何做中考英语的词义猜测题

 

猜测词义也是中考常考的,且近两年此类试题有适度增加的趋势。猜测词义题考查的可能是生词,也可能是熟词。例如: 

Is it difficult for you to get up in the morning? Hiroyuki’s bed will solve your problem! Here is how it works.

The bed is connected to an alarm clock. First, the alarm clock rings. You have a few minutes to wake up. Next, a tape recorder in the bed plays soft music. The tape recorder in Hiroyuki’s bed plays a recording of his girlfriend. She whispers in a sweet voice, “Wake up, darling, please.” A few minutes later, Hiroyuki hears a recording of his boss. His boss shouts, “Wake up at once, or you’ll be late!” If you don’t get up after the second recording, a mechanical “foot” in the bed will kick you in the head. The bed waits a few more minutes. What! You’re still in bed! Slowly the top of the bed rises higher and higher. The foot of the bed goes lower and lower. Finally you slide off the bed and onto the floor. You are out of bed and awake!

Hiroyuki’s bed is not in stores. There is only one bed — the bed Hiroyuki made for a contest. Maybe someday a company will make Hiroyuki’s bed and sell it in stores. Maybe people will buy millions of beds. Then Hiroyuki will be rich. If the bed makes Hiroyuki rich, he won’t need to go to work, and he won’t need to get up early!(山西中考试题)

1. The bed is useful to the people ________.

A. who can’t sleep well                B. who can’t get up early

C. who go to bed early                 D. who go to bed late

2. The bed is not connected to ________.

A. an alarm clock   B. a tape recorder

C. a TV           D. a mechanical foot

3. What will finally happen to Hiroyuki if he doesn’t get up?

A. He will slide onto the floor.

B. A tape recorder will play a recording of his boss.

C.A mechanical foot will kick him in the head.

D. The bed will rise higher and higher.

4. Which is true of the following sentences?

A. Hiroyuki’s company has made many such beds.

B. Hiroyuki’s bed is the only one made for a contest.

C. Hiroyuki has made a lot of money.

D. Hiroyuki needn’t get up early now.

5. The word “whisper” in the second paragraph means ________.

A. speak loudly    B. speak sadly

C. speak angrily    D. speak quietly

5词义猜测题,根据上下文,尤其是 in a sweet voice,可猜出其含义为“低语,小声说”,答案为 D。其他各题答案为:1—4 BCAB

此类试题解题要领:一是要根据词根、词缀推测词义;二是要根据上下文的内容或逻辑关系等猜测词义

 

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