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中考英语同义句变换考点归纳
文章作者:admin    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2017-05-31
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六、运用简单句与复合句之间的转换

即将简单句变成同义的复合句或将复合句变成同义的简单句。如:

1. We didn't go out for a walk because it was raining.

We didn't go out for a walk _______ _______ the rain.

分析:答案为because of。将原因状语从句because it was raining改为表示原因的介词短语 because of the rain

2. He was so excited that he couldn't go to sleep.

He was _______ _______ _______ go to sleep.

分析:答案为too excited to。将so…that…换成too…to…结构,原句的that从句为结果状语从句,改写句中的不定式仍表结果。

3. Now I will show you how to do the work.

Now I will show you ______ _______ _______ do the work.

分析:答案为how you can。即将原句中的疑问词+不定式结构转换成宾语从句。

4. You should put them back after you use them.

You should put them back _______ _______ them.

分析:答案为after using。即将after引导的状语从句改写为after引导的介词短语。

5. She seems to be worried now.

_______ _______ that she _______worried now.

分析:答案为It, seems, is。复合句 It seems / seemed that sb…与简单句sb. seems / seemed to …同义,均表示某人看起来……”

七、运用并列句与复合句之间的转换

即将并列句变成同义的复合句或将复合句变成同义的并列句。如:

1. Come on, or we’ll miss the early bus.

_______ we _______ hurry, we’ll miss the early bus.

分析:答案为 If, don’ tif 引导条件状语从句。

2. The man gave us a talk last week. Now he will give us another talk this week.

The man ______ gave us a talk last week _____ _____ us another talk this week.

分析:答案为who / that, will, givewho / that gave us a talk last week为定语从句,修饰先行词the man

八、运用关联连词连接或合并句子

即运用关联连词both...andneither... noreither...or not only...but also,等将两个简单句合并为一个简单句。此时要注意的是,both…and…连接两个主语时,谓语总是用复数,而neither... noreither...ornot only... but also连接两个主语时,谓语动词通常应与靠近的主语保持一致。如:

1. Tom can’t speak Japanese well and Jim can’t, either.

______ Tom ______ Jim can speak Japanese well.

分析:答案填Neither, norneither…nor…表示“…………(两者)都不,刚好与原句的两个否定结构的意思相吻合。

2. Alice has read the book and Peter has read it, too.

_______ Alice _______ Peter have read the book.

分析:答案为Both, andboth…and…的意思是“…………(两者)

3. This store sells men’s shoes, and it also sells men’s clothes.

This store sells ______ ______ men’s shoes _____ _____ men’s clothes.

分析:答案为not, only, but, also。表示不仅……而且……”之意。

九、利用某些典型句式或结构进行转换

这类典型结构如so…that…, too…to…, enough to, not…until…, so do I等。如:

1. Jim wants to go boating and his parents want to go boating, too.

Jim wants to go boating, and ________ ________ his parents.

分析:答案为so do。句意为“……他的父母也一样(一样想去)”

2. John went to bed after he finished his homework.

John_____ go to bed ____ he finished his homework.

分析:答案为didn’t, untilnot…until意为直到……

 

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